Traditional protocols for WiFi sharing simply split the available bandwidth by the number of users. So if you’re trying to watch an HD sports match on your TV and one of your kids is trying to watch a cartoon on their smartphone, you’ll each be allocated half the available bandwidth.

That’s fine for your kid but terrible for you, as fast-moving videos like sports events suffer more from low bandwidth than other types of videos like cartoons.

The Minerva system analyzes videos in an “offline phase” to determine which can be played with a lower bandwidth without affecting quality. It then appropriates bandwidth based on different users’ needs.

According to Engadget, in real world testing, Minerva system was able to reduce rebuffering time by almost half. It also improved streaming results in situations where the streaming equivalent was going from 720p to 1080p.

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Engadget says the same technology could be used to share connections across entire regions, not just in single households.

It also does not require hardware changes, making it a “drop-in replacement for the standard TCP/IP protocol,” says the MIT laboratory team.